Harpoot is situated in the Upper Euphrates (Firat) Region in the southwest of eastern Anatolia, and it is surrounded by the lands of the cities Bingol in the east, Tunceli (through Keban Dam Lake) in the north, Malatya (through Karakaya Dam Lake) in the west and southwest and Diyarbakır in the South. Harpoot (Elazığ) was a host for many civilizations in the history, because of its geopolitical position. Harpoot has an important place in terms of number of mulberry trees in Turkey. Mulberry tree is very important to make silkworms. In the 19th and 20th centuries, silkworm breeding, was at a significant level in Harpoot. Therefore, needlework is developed along with the production of silk threads. In Harpoot, needlepoint is an art which hand-down and hold-the needle can be learned easily. As it used to be, today needle works, scarfs, tablecloths and handkerchiefs are fixture material of dower chests. They are also of great importance in terms of cultural history with the cultural messages that are given to the surroundings by the motifs and style of construction as well as being artwork. In Harput, needlework which is non-verbal conversation tool of our traditional culture, consisting of nearly 500 different types of dancing only by needle and string, continue to live by enriching with floral motifs from important events and nature, animal motifs inspired by the animals, symbolic motifs expressing a thought. In this study, in Harpoot examples of needlework each of which refers to a message, will be presented to inform about the names, tales and techniques of the needleworks which are still being performed.
NEEDLEPOINT PIECES IN HARPOOT
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